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  ■bianzhean

欢乐彩  xinguanyiqinghaizaiquanqiusinve,“shijiedushuri”daolai。chengran,“shuzhongmeiyoujieduyao”,danduiyulianxujigeyuejinzuzaijiaderenlaishuo,dushude“wuyongzhiyong”yexuzhengshi“dayong”——fuweixinling

  dushubunengzhengjiushijie,danyibenbenshu、yigegetushuguan,yejizaizheyidaidairendeshijianheneixin,keyibangzhujintianderenlijieshenzhijiejuekunjing

欢乐彩  jinri,benbaozhuanfanglemingshizhuanjiananbingwenxiansheng。taguonianyebuxiuxi,bujuyiqingrengranzhejicongtianjinfanhuilangfangdebangongshi,tadeyuanwanghenjiandan: weihoulaiderendudongneiduanlishipupingdaolu。“yanjiulishiweixianshihuanlecai,guanzhuxianshiyekeyirangniduozhangchuyishuangkanlishideyanjing”

  teyuezhuangaozuboguang

  nanbingwenshihuanlecaidunankaidaxuelishixishidetongxue。1961niangangruxue,xizhuren、zhumingmingqingshizhuanjiazhengtiantingyutongxuemenjianmianjiangke,nanbingwenhenweixianshengdegaoyayuboxuesuoxiyin。xuexixingqunonghou。youcikaishi,tabazhixiangdingzaimingqingshizhuanyeshang。jinliushinianguoqu,gangweiyoubian,zhuanyecongweibianguo。tayoumodishuo: “huanlecaishiyitiaoluzoudaoheile!”

  tanachuyifenlunwenzhuzuobiannian,ranghuanlecaizheigelaotongxuejianyue。jincong1976niandao2013nianjiuyou28yezhiduo,ji222gepianmu,haibubaokuocihouliuniandezhushu。huanlecaibujinjingtan: nidezheitiaolushidafangguangmangdechenggongzhilu,taxiangyibumingqingshidebaikequanshu,jiyoumingqingliangchaodeduandaishi、《zhongguolishidacidian·mingchaojuan》dengdabutoudezhuzuo,youyourenmenweizhuyidezhongduoweiguanyanjiu。tabutingdijiuzhenghuanlecai“zhuzuodengshen、xuefuwuche”dechengzan,shuomingqingshishigedahai,jiushiqiongqiyishengyenanyanjiushentou,yueshenruyueganjuezijisuozhishenqian。

  本应子承父业当兽医,却读出来一位历史学家

  huanlecaizuijinyoulantianjin,kanguoyounanbingwenjiaoshouzhuanxie、shufajialidehaijinshude《sanchahekouji》。tashikeyutianjinbeiyunheanjingangqiaochu,zhangyuebaimi,qishihuihong,yongsanqianyuzijishuleyiziyahe、nanbeiyunhesanhexiangjiaochuyidaiweifayuandidetianjindefazhanbianqian,yijimingchengzuzhudiyucitianjinzhimingdengshishi。rujinzheifangbeiwenchengletianjindeyigebiaozhi,canguanzhe、lvyouzhecengwenhuanlecai: nanbingwenshishei?zheimeyouxuewen!zheiyiwen,dakailehuanlecaijiyidezhamen。

  nanbingwenzhe,1942nian1yueshengyuhebeishengguangzongxianchenjiawantoucun。liangsuishiyinwanribenqinlvezheyiqidezhadanzhadiaolezuoshou。dangshishizhumingshouyidefuqinkaolverzijinhoudeshengji,jianchirangtaxuexiyishoushouyijishu。tadunanggezuihuijuelefuqindeanpai,jianchidushu。tazhengbiandao,meiyouzuoshouzenmejishengkouguanyao?mingyunshitameidangchengshouyi,dushuqueduchulaiyiweilishixuejia。

  gaokaobaozhiyuanxiangyigewanxiao,tadediyizhiyuanshinankaidaxuelishixi。jinjinyinweitatingshuogaixishigebaomixi,erxiaomingzhongdenanzihezijidexingshixiangtong。dierzhiyuancaishibeijingdaxuezhongwenxi。bierenshuotazheibushinanqiyuanbeiqizhema?zuihoutayiguangzongzhongxuegaokaodiyimingdechengjibeinankaidaxueluqu。

  tahoulaichengmingshiyutafeifandekudufenbukaide。xueshengshiqi,huanlecaiyutatongsushezhushangxiapu。liujihuanlecaideyinxiangshitadechuangpuzongshikongde: wanshangjiuqintahaimeihuilai;zaoshangtongxuemenmeiqichuangtayijingzoule。tameitianbeiyigeshuodadeshubao,limianzhuangmanbaokuomingqingshizaineidelishishuheliangdacede《ciyuan》dengshu,gugunangnanghenchenzhongdeyangzi。xiwaitongxuedouxiangtatoulaiqiyidemuguang,wentashisheiya?tabashuwangtushuguandazhuomianshangyifang,duimiandetongxuedoukanbudaotadezhenmianmu。

欢乐彩  laoshitichangdushuxuexiyaoboheyue。tadeboshiguangfande。xueshengshidaitajiutongdule《lunyu》《mengzi》dengrujiahezhuzibaijiadezhuzuo;yetongduguo《shiji》《hanshu》《houhanshu》《sanguozhi》《zizhitongjian》dengshishu,zaixueximingdaizibenzhuyimengyashi,tachushemakeside《zibenlun》,zhihouyoutongdule《zibenlun》。shejimingqingshidezhuzuoshitabiduzhi“yue”。

欢乐彩  tarenweibubozeyanjienankai,buyuezeyouqiwugui。ketangshang,laoshijiangdelichaolidaitadoujinliangxueshenxuetou,chuleipangtong。dinianjijiuzixuegaonianjikecheng,xiaowaixuezhelaixiaozuoxueshubaogao,tayejijiqupangting。tahaizichuangxingbalichaodimingbianqianbiaozhuzaiditushangyibeichakao。quanbantongxuedouxinfudigongrentashixueba。youshenmewentiqingjiaota,junnengdedaomanyidedafu。daxuewuniankaoshichengjimenmenshi5fen,meiyouyige4fen。

  daxuebiyefenpeidaozhongguoshekeyuanjindailishiyanjiusuo,zhihouyouhuidaonankaimingqingyanjiushi。qijianbeijiediaoguojiabowuguanzhuchishejimingdaibufendebuzhan,sannianzhongduimingshidefangfangmianmianheshoucijiechudewenwushiwujinxingjiaoxitongdezhengliheyanjiu。chuchumaolu,yiqigefangmanyichengguoxianshichuzhashidegongdi。

  史学界同行口中的“南炳文精神”

  shangshiji70niandaihouqi,tazuolezhengtiantingxianshengdezhushou,jinshuiloutaixiandeyue,zaizhengxianshengdezhidaoxia,baguyingtai《mingshijishibenmo》zuoweirumenshu。tongshitayeyuedufanwenlan、wuhandengmingjiadezhuzuo。zuoweimingshilingyudebashezhehetanluren,qiyueduliang、xiezuoliangheyongshizhizhangshinanyixiangxiangde,yizhiyutadeyoushouhecanshoudoumochulelaojian。

  shangshiji80niandai,taheyiweilaoshizhuanxielebaiyuwanzidejichuanti《mingshi》(shangxiace),bingxianhouyu1985nianhe1991nianchuban,tianbumeiyouzhangpianmingchaozhangjietiduandaishidekongbai。zaixiezuoshangjiaqiangleboruodemingdaizhongqideziliaodeshoujiheyanjiu;lilun、xushijieyiyuanshiziliaoweiyiju,lijiebufengzhuoying,bingbizhishu,shishiqiushi,paichiwaiquzhenxiang,renyibaobian;bachuangxindangzuoshengming,zaiyanjiudezhongdianshangjinlianghanbinongmo;jianchishilunjiehe,tichumingdaisanbainiandebadianjingyanjiaoxun。gaishuyichubanbianyinqishixuejiedeyueduxingqu。guoneidabufengaoxiaobatazuoweixueximingshidezhongyaocankaojiaocai。ribendongjingdaxuedeng20suogaoxiaolishizhuanjialianhebianxiedeyibuzhuzuoduizheibu《mingshi》zuolezhongdiantuijie。tianjinshihejiaoyubupingxuanmingshiweiyouxiutushuyi、erdengjiang。2011nian,nanbingwenyouzuowei《qingshi》shangcefuzhubianhexiacezhubian,zaidajiagongtongnulixiawanchengquanshudezhuanxierenwu,bingyoutianjinrenminchubanshechuban,tongyangshoudaoshixuejiedehaoping。

  zai《mingshi》zhuanxieguochengzhong,nanbingwenfaxianzaiwei48niandemingshenzongde《wanliqijuzhu》,qizhongduoyoushixuejieweitaizhuyi、《mingshilu》bucengjizaidezhongyaoneirong,juyouzhongyaojiazhi,danshigaishuwuquanben,qicanbenfencunzhongguoheriben,neirongjihugezhanyiban。weileshoujiribenbufen,tayong11nianxiansanshijianxuexiriyu。meitianzaochenqilaiyibianbangzhufurenwuyanlingdasaofangjian,yibianshoutingdiantaideriyuguangbo。

  gongfubufuyouxinren,zuizhongdadaoyueduriyuwenxianherichangduihuadeshuizhun。tadexueshumingqizaoyimingyangriben,yincishouribenmingshiyanjiuhuihuizhangshangenxinfuzhiyao,congshangshiji90niandaichukaishisanciqudongyingjinxingxueshuhuanlecai。zhongwenbanbendewanliqijuzhuzairibenshizhenzangben,ribenpengyoubangmangjiangqizhongduyouzhequanbufuyinchulai。jiashangtianjintushuguan、beijingdaxuetushuguanshouzangdebanben,gongzhenglichu574geyuedejiejinzubende《wanliqijuzhu》。zuihouyounanbingwenjixiaochengliuce300yuwanzide《jixiaowanliqijuzhu》。

欢乐彩  zhihoutayouxiaokanle《xiaozhengtaichangtianqiqijuzhu》。2010nianluxuchuban,junhuodequanguoyouxiugujitushuyidengjiang。shixuejietongxingdouchengtatixianle“nanbingwenjingshen”,laiyouta,caiyoulezheiliangbuzhongyaotushu。renmencongzhongkandaowanli(mingshenzong)zaifeichuzaixiangzhiduhou,hedaxueshiyijizongrenfudengjigouguanyuanbangongchulishiwudeqingjing,tashejidechaozhenglingyushifenguangfan。

欢乐彩  jiqiannianlaizhongguolishijizaiweiduanjiuzaiyu“ershisishi”dejiexucunzai。shengshixiushi,youguojiaxiadadexiuding《mingshi》zhongdiangongcheng,2007nianyou65suidenanbingwenpiguachuzheng,zhuchizhaojishijimingxuezhejiaoshou,quqisuozhang、anbufengong,zaizhengtiantingdengjiaoshoushangshiji50niandaidiyicixiudingdejichushangjixuqianjin,zhongxinbiaodian、kanwu、kaozheng,xiechu《xiaokanjizhangbian》。zaizheicixiudingzhongzhongxinfaxian8400duotiaocuowu。meiweizhuanjiawanchengzijiderenwuhou,junyounanbingwenzaitongdudingzhengyibian。yongtagongzhengdeyingtouxiaozi,bayouxiepianzhanggaicheng“dahualian”,yimibuqibuzu。tashuozijiderenwufanzhong,danmeiyouzheixiezhuanjiaxuezhedehezuoshinanyiwanchengzheicixiudingrenwude。

  nanbingwenxingxiangdibiyutamendexiudingjiuxiangfaguanduananyiyang,tiantiandangfaguan,tiantianduanan。faguanyaobaanziduanzhun,jiuyaochenxiaxinlaitingyuanbeigaoshuangfangchensu,buketingyimianzhici。yaoshenrudiaocha,yaoshiyouguanzhengjuxingchengliantiao,shoujixiangjinziliao、chongfenzhengjuzaijiashangyouguandelunbiantuilun,cainengzuochuzhunquedepanduan。bunengrangcuowuyilou,zailiuxialishixingdeyihan。

  婉拒电视台讲史,独坐与古人对话

欢乐彩  talvxianchuifan。mingdaizhuminghuajiashirenshenzhou,weijieshouliangzhangniandurenwu,cengdaifufunanjingtingqushengzhi,ciweiqirenjinglizhongyingxiangpodazhishijian。danqifashengniandai,youwenzhimingweiqizuoxingzhuangqi,yizhiwujichuanshi,gongyounianshiyi、nianshiwuliangshuo。nanbingwenjumingdaizhidujishenzhouxiancunshiwenxiangmikaozheng,dechuniansanshisizhizhenxiang,shizheiweidayishujia、shirenderenshengdaolugengweiqingxi。weici,taxiechushenzhouyounanjingniansuikaozhengzhangwen8000zi,yinyongshishuda20yubu,youcikejianjianjude《mingshi》xiudinggongzuozhiyiban。lishizhengzhengshiniangong,《mingshi》xiudingyiwanchengdinggao,xiudingde《mingshi》xiaokanzhangbiangongyou300duowanzi,xiudingbande《mingshi》jiangyuyiliangnianhouchuban。

  78suigaolingdenanbingwenmeiyouxiuzheng,youlingxianzhuchituanduijinru《mingshilu》dezhengliheyanjiu。zheigezaozai2013nianxiadadeyouyiguojiashekezhongdayanjiuxiangmu,suiranyijingzuolejiniandedaliangzhunbeigongzuo,danzheiyidianjizhangyue1600wanzi,gongchenggengweihaoda,yincizhengliheyanjiugongzuofeichangjianxin。minguoshiqi,zaihushizhichixia,zhumingxuezhefusiniancengzhuchizheixiangwenhuagongcheng,duanxujinxing31nian,jinwanchengleyuebaifenzhiwudaoshidegongzuoliang,yuebaifenzhijiushidegongzuoliangzeyaoyounanbingwentuanduizhengquzai2022nianwancheng。muqianyijinrujinzhangdezhengliyuyanjiuzhong。

  nanbingwenchangshuo,dengwanchengzheixierenwuyijingbashiduosuile,bixuxishiruming。tameiyoujiejiari,meiyouzhongqiujie,meiyoudanianchuyi,meiyouyiyangtiannian,meitiangongzuoyueshigexiaoshi。huijiazhilushitadesanbu,chifanshijianshitaduanzandexiuxi。2016niannankaidaxuewenketushuguanbanqiandaojinnanxiaoqu。tacongbalitaixiaoqugongzuoshidaoxinxiaoquchayueziliao,yitianwangfanyaohuashanglianggebanxiaoshi,zheishitajueduibunengxiaohaodebaoguishijian。zhengdangruci,langfangshifanxueyuanyaotajianrentepinjiaoshou。takandaogaixiaotushuziliao、duozhongsikuquanshuqiquanbiandayingxialai。gaixiaoweitatigonglegongzuoshiheshisubianli,zheiduitawanchengzheixiangguojiajizhongdiangongchengfeichangyouli。

  yougeshiqishehuiliuxingxishuomingshi。yinweitashizhumingmingshizhuanjia,youcengshiquanguomingshixuehuidehuizhang。youdedianshitaiqingtajiangmingchaodeneixiegushi,anpaimeizhouyici,daiyufenghou,danbeitawanjule。tayaobashijianyongzaixueshuyanjiushang。weilejizhongjingli,tayueshuzijimeinianjinliangzhicanjiayiciwaichudexueshuhuodong。tashuo,zhenzhengdexuewenshiniwangjizhouweideshijie,quheshishixiangronghe。yigerenduchuerbujimo,shizaiyigekongjianliyugurenduihua。

  tacongxueshengshidaidaoxianzaibianhuanlexuduogongzuoshi,ertadoushizaiqizhongbeishubuqingdeshukanmaimei。zheigexingxiangyizhiweicenggaibian,jiuxiangdianyingjingtoufanfudihuifang。yexuyourenrenweitashigeshuchong。qishitazaonianqueshiwenyigugan,huishipuhuijiaoge,nengbeisongxuduoshici。dantazheixietezhangzhibuguobeizhuanyidemingqingshidexuexiheyanjiuyazhule。yourenshuoguoxingfuyinggaishikuaileyuyiyidejiehe,tayexushuguozijidekuaile: zaikuduyanjiuzhichu,wangwangcunzaiyidian,eryidianhuichengweixuannian。taxiyinhuanlecaidezhuyili,xiangfangyefangbuxia。chizhefanxiangzheta,huijialushangqicheyexiangzheta。zuihouxiangtongzhaodaodaanjiuhuiyichangxingfen,shiyizhongwufaxingrongdeyukuaihexiangshou。

  tadejinglibenshenjiushiyigekaimo。taweidaxueshengheyanjiushengkaishedemingqingshijiwenxianxuekecheng,dajiadouyuanyiquting。duonianlai,tapeiyangdeshuoshisheng、boshishengjiboshihoujinbairen,shiquanguoyouxiuboshilunwenmingshideweiyizhidaojiaoshi。youxieyanjiushengchengweizhongguoshekeyuanjinankaidaxuedengshijisuoyuanxiaoyouguanzhuanyedexueshudaitouren,tacenghuodequanguojiaoyuxitonglaodongmofan,bingxiangshouguowuyuanzhuanjiajintie。yourenxieshizandao: yishengpinboyuheqiu,bujiliyishenhouming。mingqingyimengliushizai,gaolingchichengyiyingxiong。

  jinliushinianguoqule,nanbingwencongqingchundaobaibin。zuoweiguojiarenwudedandangzhe,tayiranjingliwangshengdigongzuozhe。tahezhongduoxuezhejiaoshougongtongfuchudefanzhonglaozuojiechushuoguo。zhongxinxiudingde《mingshi》heyiliangnianhoujiangwanchengzhengliyanjiude《mingshilu》,zhangdaliangqianduowanzidejuzhujianghuiyuguangdaduzhejianmian,bingyongyuanliucunzaicanlandezhongguolishishang。renmenhuigengjiazhunquefangbiandilejiemingdailishishangdeliangbu“zhenjing”。

编辑: 聂际慈

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