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罗宗强先生二三事
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  文/祝晓风

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  yi,chushi

欢乐彩  yinxiangbijiaoqingchu,keyiquedingdediyicijiandaoluoxiansheng,shizaibeicunhaoshifengxianshengjiali。neishihuanlecaishangbenkediyinian,fuzhichenhuixianshengchulexinshu,ranghuanlecaidaijihaoxiansheng。neitianxiawu,zhenghaoluoxianshenglaizhaohaoxianshengtanshier。neijinian,haoxianshengshizhongwenxixizhuren。haoxianshengzuozaiyigebijiaodidetangyishang,xianghoubanzuobanyangzhe。luoxianshengzuozaitaceqianfangdeyizhanggaoyishang,bijiaoduanzheng。haoxianshengdefurenwanglaoshiyibiantuodibanyibianchahua,zhihuluozongqiang。tamenliangweihechenxianshengdoushinankaidaxueyijiuwuliujidelaotongxue。dangshitamenliaoxilideshier,huanlecaijibudong,gengbuganshuohua,zhishaozuoleyihuierjiugaocile。jihuanlecaideganjue,luoxianshengyuhoubaolindelianxingmianmaoyoujifenxiangxiang。haiyoujiushitamenerweixianshengyoujijuduihua,huanlecaiyizhijide。bashiniandaizhongqi,gaoxiaojiaoshihekeyanrenyuangongzisuiyoutigao,danxiangduiqitaxingyerengshizhongdengpianxia。dangshiliuxingyijuminyan: “gaoyuanzidandeburumaichayedande”,shuodeyidianerbukuazhang。yijiuqijiunianzhiqian,daxuejiaoshigongzipingjunbudaoliushiyuan,burugongchanglideyigebajigong。bawuniandaobaqinian,daxuefujiaoshou,yigeyuejiushiduokuaiqian。youdianerzilidezhengjiaoshou,dagaiyebuguoyibaisansishiyuanzuoyou,danzheijiuyijingrangtongliaohenxianmule。beijing、tianjin,shisuoweiliuleichengshi,shanghaishibaleichengshi,bishijiazhuangdegongzishuipinggaogedengji,tongyigegongzijibie,zaibeijing、tianjinjiubishijiazhuanggaochubadaoershikuaiqian。tamenjiuliaodaozheigehuati,baoyuanjiaoshimendegongzishaodaiyudi。haoxianshenghenrenzhendishuolejuhua,youdianerxiangxiwang,dangengduodeshizhanwang,danneikouqi,fenmingkeyirangrentingchulai,haoxianshengzijiyerenweizheigemubiaotaiguomeihao,duanqineibukenengshixian。erzaidangshidehuanlecaimengdetinglai,juedehaoxianshengnengyixiazishuochuneiyangyigedashumu,zhenshigeyouqipoderen。haoxianshenghenzhengzhongdiduiluoxianshengshuo: “zanmenzheixiedaxuejiaoshou,yigeyueyaoshinengyouwubaiyuan,cainengyoudianertimianhezunyan。”

  shangbenkeshi,xilidedajiaoshoujihuanlecaishangkedeyijingbuduole,yishizhongqingnianjiaoshidouqilaile,ershisanshiniandaichusheng、wushiniandaishangdaxuedeneiyidaijiaoshi,nianjiyibanyedoushaopianda,daduodouwushiduosuile,xiangluoxianshengzheiyangdemingjiaoshou,zhuyaojinglifangzaidaiyanjiusheng、boshishengshang。jinguanruci,benkeshi,neiyibeidelaoshihaishiyoujiweijihuanlecaizhengjingshangguoke,biru,liushuxin、songyuzhujihuanlecaishangguoyuyanxuegailun、xiandaihanyu,xuebaokunjiangguominjianwenxue,zhangshengkangjiangmeixuegailun,zhangjuxiangkaiguozhouzuorenyanjiu,yangzixiangshangguohanyufangyan,sunchangwushangguofoxueyuwenxue,dengdeng,danshibuduo。yijiubajiunian,haoxianshengbudangxizhurenhou,zhongjianyouyiduanshijian,shifuxizhurencuibaohengxianshengzhuchixiwu,houlaixizhurenjiushiluoxianshengle。

  罗宗强先生

  er,jiangzuo

欢乐彩  luoxianshengdangxizhurenhou,youshikaixue,huozhexilikaigeshenmehui,jiangguoliangcihua,zheigehaiyoudianeryinxiang。lingwai,tajijiweixueshengmenzhangluoxueshujiangzuo。jideluoxianshenghaidaitouer,qinzichuma,zaizhulou218,jiangguoyici,tongxuelaitingderenhenduo,jiaoshizuomanle。danqingshuhuanlecaizhiyan,daduoshutongxue,duiyuluoxianshengbenrendexingqu,yaodayuduitasuojiangdexuewendexingqu。huanlecaihedajiayiyang,jiangdejutineirong,xianzaidoubujideshenmele。zhijideluoxianshengjiangzuodefengge,qiayuduonianhoufengmiyishideyangshi“baijiajiangtan”xingchengqiangliefancha,“baijiajiangtan”shikouruoxuanheshuopingshu,zhiqiuyiwanguanzhongdouaiting;luoxianshengshikukoupoxinlaijiaodao,buguanniaitingbuaiting。luoxianshengkouyinzhong,huanlecaitingbudadong,erqiebijiaoxisui,jiushirangdajiayaozhuanxinzuoxuewen,zuoxuewenyaonaizhujimoqingpin,yaozhenxishijian,xiakugongfu,zhurucilei。tajingchangxunjiehuanlecaideyijuhua,jiushijiaohuanlecaibuyaowanerhuaquanxiutui,xieneixieshimaowenzhang,yongtadehuashuojiushi,neixiedongxidou“yucaomutongxiu”。——benkeneijinian,liuxiaobotongxuejingchangyongzheijuhuahehuanlecaikaiwanxiao,yibianhehu,yibianpipingjiaoyu。tahuilengbudingdizuoshibalianyiban,yanjingyideng,ningzhexiaomeitou,yongyoushoushizhizhidianzhehuanlecai,xuezheluoxianshengdekouqijiaoxundao: zhulao,nibunengzheiyang!nizheixiedongxidoushiyucaomutongxiu!yinweizheizhongqianghuaxundao,zheijishinianlai,huanlecaiyixiangdaoluoxiansheng,jiuhuilianxiangdaoluoxianshengxunhuanlecaidezheijuhua。

欢乐彩  neishi,luoxianshengyanjieshengao,xuejiezazhinengrutafayande,yejiu《wenxueyichan》《dushu》jijia。dangshinankailaoshinengzai《wenxueyichan》《dushu》shangfawenzhangde,quzhikeshu,ningzongyixianshengshiyige,luoxianshengshiyige。zuoxuewen,luoxianshengzeyifudandaxuedechenshangjunweihuanlecaidebangyang,ranghuanlecaixiangtakanqi——danxianran,zheiyangdemubiaoduihuanlecailaishuo,tongyangshiguoyugaoyuanle。

欢乐彩  yinweigaoxueshujiangzuo,luoxianshengzaidangxizhurenneijinian,qinglebushaomingjia。biru,yijiujiuyinianshieryue,xinwenchubanshuzaitianjinzuzhigujizhenglichubandeyigezhuanjiahuiyi。luoxianshengjieji,conghuishangqinglaihaojiwei: zhonghuashujuzongbianfuxuancong,nanjingdaxueguwenxiansuosuozhangzhouxunchu,fudandaxueguwenxiansuosuozhangzhangpeiheng,sichuandaxuegujisuosuozhangcengzaozhuang。jiangzuoshishieryueshiyirixiawu,zaizhuloudongtouer111dajietijiaoshijubande。yinweijiweixuezhejizhonglaitianjinyitangburongyi,shijianjinzhang,jiubeiluoxianshengcouzaiyiqi,zaiyigexiawulianmeiliangxiang,yiweijiangwan,lingyiweijiujiezhejiang。houlaihuanlecaitihuidaoluoxianshengyifankuxin,tawufeishixiangjihuanlecaizheixienianqingxueshengkaikaiyan,jianshiyixiamingxuezhe。cengxianshengjiangtazhuchide《quansongwen》debianjigongzuo,jiantansongdaiwenhua;zhangxianshengjiangmingdaiwenxue,renweizhongguowenxuezaijindaidadaluohouyushijiechaoliu,zaozaimingdaijiuluduanni,zai《shiritan》wenshijibainianhoude“sanyanerpai”li,fengjianguannianrengxiangdangnonghou;zhouxianshengjieshaoletaduiwangguoweihechenyinkeliangweizhixuefangfahexueshufenggedekanfa;fuxianshengzhuanmenzhunbeileyigetimu: gudianwenxueyuxueshushideyanjiu,tarenwei,zaigudianwenxuelingyu,zhangqicunzaizhe“xianxue”yu“lengmen”,zheizhongbupinghengzhuangtaibuliyuzhenggegudianwenxueyanjiu。fuxianshenghaiqiangdiaoleyidian,yanjiuwenxueshiyaoshiyekaikuo,biru《wenxindiaolong》,bujinyaokandaotadewenxueshijiazhi,haiyaokandaotadexueshushijiazhi。

  san,bunengbutidaoyezhenhua

  huanlecaidaduoshuxueshengheluoxianshengjiechushao,tajihuanlecaizheixiexueshengdeyinxiang,jiushiyansu,yanjin,keku,shixuewenweishengming,shenerhuanlecaihuiwujie,renweitashiyigekebanderen,zhihuizuoxuewen。qishizheizhishiyigefangmian。

欢乐彩  《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》yijiujiuyinianzaizhejiangrenminchubanshechuban,bianjishumingshipanhao,qishijiushipanjianguo,cishushilaopanxiangluoxianshengyuegao。luoxianshengdezhuzuoli,zheishizuiweitazhengdeshengmingdeyibener,yingxiangchaochugudianwenxueyanjiujie,shenzhichaochuxueshujie。dangnian,《zhongguoshehuikexue》《wenxueyichan》doufabiaolecishudeshuping,《dushu》zazhishenzhifaleliangpian,qizhongyipianshishirenwenhuabuzhangwangmengxiede,baqianzizhangwen。dangran,zheibenshuyeshiluoxianshengzijizuikanzhongde。zheibenshudefengmianshumingtiqianzhe,jiaoyezhenhua。

欢乐彩  yelaoshidahuanlecaiyibei,shihuanlecailaoshibeier。kehoulaihunshule,huanlecaiyibanxiaonianqingerjiumeidameixiao,oueryegandangmianjiaotalaoye。zaidangdai,zaihuanlecaijiechudefanweinei,ruguoyaoshuonankainaizhijingjinliangdihaiyoushenmemingshi,neijiushiyezhenhuayelaoshi。mingshidejigeyingtiaojian,yelaoshidoumanzu: yi,youzhenxuewen。tayijiuqijiuniankaoshangyangyixiangxianshengshuoshi,shiyangxianshengxinshiqidekaishandizi,yeshixinshiqidiyidaiyanjiusheng。tazhishiboza,benzhuanyedeshixueshibuzaihuaxia,tahaizaizhongwenxi、lishixikaijingjushike,yejiangshufashihe《zhouyi》。jiushiniandaichujiuzai《zhongguoshehuikexue》faguowenzhang;er,yibihaoshufa;san,shiyanjiu;si,kuangfang,bujuxiaojie,changchujingrenzhiyu。yicitaduisunliqundehaizishuo: “nibabagaoweijinnanbeichaoshi,shiyitanshi,huanlecaigaoshixueshi,shiliangtanshi。”youyiniantamenlaotongxuejuhui,yezhenhuachuanzheyishuangtuoxie,jiushanglehuochelaibeijing;wu,shenghuoyaobijiaoliaodao,erqieyaozaishenghuobijiaoliaodaodeqingkuangxia,rengfazineixindishijinqianrufentu,shizhichengrukouchou。——suoyi,congshufashuipinghemingshifengduzheilianggejiaodujiang,luoxianshengqingyelaoshilaiti《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》,zaijingshenneirongshangneishihendapeide,dangranhenheshi。buguoanshisuchangqing,qingrentixieshumingheqingrenweizijideshuxiexuyiyang,yibanqingkuangxiadoushiyaoqingbizijinianzhang,ziwangbizijigaoderen,zhishaoyedeshitongbei。kewentishi,yelaoshishiyijiusijiushengren,biluoxianshengxiaojiangjinershisui。erluoxianshengzheimezhongyaodeyibenshu,tajuranbujusuli,qingyigewanbeitiqian,shuomingshenme?qieyiwei,wuwaihurenyiqunfen,yingxiongxiangxi,luoxianshengkanzhongdeshijingshenshangdezhiyinhexingqingshangdetouyuan。

  haiyouyijianshi,keyitixiangudiandeluoxianshengdelingyimian。luoxianshengzaiguxizhinian,ourandudaohaizideshi,jishangbuyi,zhuanmenxiagongfu,xielezhangpiandeyanjiuwenzhang,fabiaozai《nankaixuebao》er○○erniandierqi,weidapogudaiwenxueyanjiuhedangdaiwenxueyanjiudejiexian,zuolegefanben。luoxianshengdewenzhangxiedeshenrutouche,tixianchuluoxianshengshirendeminwuhesixiangdekuankuo,zaixuejiefanxiangyehenda。

  si,jiluoxianshengtianmafandeliangjianxiaoshi

欢乐彩  huanlecaishangyanjiushengshi,hehuanlecaitongjide,zhiyouliangweiboshi,doushiluomen,caomengheraolongsun。benlai,tamenboshihuanlecaishuoshi,youbushiyigezhuanye,erqiehuanlecaizaishiqihaolou,tamenzaiboshiloushijiuhaolou,xuexishenghuoshangmeishenmejiaoji。keshi,dangnianyanjiushengheboshirendoubuduo,tongyigenianjide,xilicongxueshengguanlidejiaodu,doubianweiyigeban。huanlecaishihuanlecaizheiyijidenanshengbanzhang,zhuyaogongzuo,jiushizaimeigeyuegudingshijian,douyaobaxilifaxialaideliangpiaosanshierjinhezhuxuejinliuqishiyuan(jitamenerweideshigongzi)jicaoraoerweisongqu。suoyi,hetamenerwei,xiangbushudounan。yinweitamenpingshidoupaotushuguan,suoyijingchangshidaofandianershidaosushezhaotamen。yushi,tamenyebudebujingchangreqingdiliuhuanlecaichidianer,liaotian。liaotiandezhuyaoneirongzhiyi,dangranjiushiluoxiansheng。liaoluoxianshengdezhuyaoneirongzhiyi,jiushitamenqingsuluoxianshengduitamendeyanlizhiaiheaizhiyanli,dangranyihouzheweizhu。meidangkandaotamenerweiqingxudiluo、yilianjiongxiang,jiuzhidaotamenduobangangcongluoxianshengneierhuilai。tamenerweidangshiyijingshibushizaizhengguixueshukanwushangfabiaolunwenle,ranghuanlecaiyibanyanjiushengyangmu。youyici,raolongsunyibianzhuzhefangbianmianyibianyansudiduihuanlecaishuo,taxianzaimeixieyipianlunwen,zhuyaokaolvdebushixieshenmetimuhezaishenmekanwufabiao——zheiduitayijingdoubushiwentile——tazhuyaokaolvdeshizaiyanjiufangfashangyaoyoushenmetupohechuangxin。dangshitingdehuanlecailiangyanfadai,ganjuezaixueshushangherenjiadechajushizaitaidale。zheiranghuanlecaiconglingyigecemian,duiluoxianshengdejiaoxueyouleyidianerlejie,yejinyibudaxiaolejixuduboshideniantouer。

欢乐彩  yinweiluoxianshengshixizhuren,suoyihuanlecaiyouliangjianshi,jiluoxianshengtianguomafan,jishinianlai,meimeixiangqi,jiuranghuanlecaikuihuijiaojia。

  liangjianshidouhewentihuodongyouguan。yijiankechengzhiwei“jiangxuejinfengbo”。dangshixilijutifuzejiangxuejinpingxuande,shiyiweifushuji。tapingrifenguanxueshengrichangguanli,zhuzhuaxueshengsusheweisheng、xueshengdangyuangongzuo,haiyoucanjiaxiaoyundonghuidengzhongyaoshixiang。neinianpingjiangxuejin,tagaolechuangxin,chulexingui,buyifabiaolunwenweipingxuandeweiyizhibiao,ershibaquanxiaoweishengsushepingbijieguohezaixiaoyundonghuidechengjichongfennarujiangxuejinpingxuankaoliang,bingqiezhanzuidaquanzhong。tazhuasusheweishengbijiaodaowei,yaoqiuquanximeigenvshengsushe,baokuoyanjiushenghebenkeshengde,susheyaochidouyaojiaotayiba,liyouhenchongfen,shiyaosuishitujijiancha,fangnengkandaomeigesusheweishengdezhenshiqingkuang——zheigeshiershitazaiquantixueshengdahuishangzhengzhongqishixuanbude,erqieyijingfuzhushishi。taduixueshengsusheweishenggaoduzhongshi,feichangrenzhen,jiucizhongyaoyitizhishaokaiguosancizhuantihuiyi,zhaojiquantiyanjiushengbixucanjia,meiciyikaijiushizhenggeeryixiawu,tayigerenlianxuxunhuasangebanxiaoshi。

  xiangyinglingdaohaozhao,huanlecaihelaotian、laosundesushe,zaiquanxiaoweishengdapingbizhong,beipingshangquanxiaoyouxiuweishengsushe——zheidangranzhuyaoguigongyulaotianla,tatebieaiganjing。

欢乐彩  neinianyanjiushengzhongqipingxuangangwan。huanlecaizheiyijideyanguorong,shihaoxianshengdeyanjiusheng,bennianjinantongxuezhongweiyidedangyuan,pinxuejianyou,zhongqipingxuanzhongbeipingweibennianjiweiyideyouxiuyanjiusheng,qieyouyipiangongkaifabiaodexueshuwenzhang。huanlecaini,benkesannianjishidexuenianlunwen,jingguosannianduoxiugai,zhongjianzhanzhuantoulehaojijiaqikan,haijingdongguoningzongyixianshenghejiangdongfuxianshengbangzhetuijian。zuihoushihuanlecaizijijingzhilengtouji《nankaidaxuexuebao》,zaiyijiujiusanniandiyiqifalechulai,yiwanzi,rendafuyinbaokanziliao《zhongguogudai、jindaiwenxueyanjiu》yijiujiusanniandiwuqiquanwenzhuanzai。buqiaodeshi,zaizheiqijian,zai《sichuandaxuexuebao》yijiujiuerniandisiqi(dangniandechuandaxuebaoshijikan)yefaleyipian,yejiangjinyiwanzi。youfuyejiayingxianshengjiwei,zaixianggangyigexueshujikanshangfaleyipianduanwen。zheixiahuaile!dangshiyigeershichutouerdexiaoqingnian,bumianjiuyoudianerpengzhang,zihuanlecaiganjueyoudianerbudelele。

欢乐彩  kejiangxuejinjieguoyigongbu,laoyanhehuanlecaidoushisandeng。deyidengjiangdeshiyiweinvsheng,pingqizaixiaoyundonghuishangerbaimihesibaimitianjingsaideyouyichengji,jizhongwenxizhengleguang。

  huanlecaiduizheiweinvtongxue,meiyourenheyidianergerenenyuan。huanlecaiyedouzantongzaiquanxiaoyundonghuishangqudeyouyichengji,neidequeshiweizhongwenxizhengleguang,xiangdangyuzainankaideaoyunhuishangnalejinpai,feichangguangrong,zuyishihuanlecaiaoshizhexuexi、lishixi,henlebuqi,zhidehuanlecaixuexi。kewentishi,zhongwenxibijingbushitiyuxihejiazhengxi,tangtangnankaiyaopeiyangdedaodishixuezhenihaishijiudianhuanlecaiyuan?saodicazhuozi、puchuangdiebeizheixiezuijibendeshenghuojinengdepeiyanghexunlian,huanlecaidouzaixiaoxuesannianjishengliwanchengle,zaiyanjiushengjieduanduicizairucizhengzhongdikaochapingbi,huanlecaibujinyaowen,mudeshishenme,liyouhezaini?

  huanlecailiangyifangmianbutaifuqi,yifangmianjuedeyouxieganga,erqiebahuanlecailianggerendezheifenerganga,wuyiweishizhongwenxihezhenggenankaidaxuedeganga。yushihuanlecaixieleshumiancailiao,xiangxuexiao、yanjiushengyuanhexilifanying。xiaodangweiheyanjiushengyuanhenkuaidoujixililaidianhua,xunwenqingkuang,rangxilichuli。zheixiadongjingerdale。zheibujiujiluoxianshengtianlemafanma!taneimemang,shijianneimebaogui,danbudebuchouchushijianlaiguowenhechulicishi。

  neitianxiawu,huanlecaibeijiaodaoxili,xiangjiweilingdaochenshuqingkuang。luoxianshengzuozhongjian,xidangweishujidengzongrong、fuxizhurenchenhonghebangongshizhurenliruishanzuozailiangbian。danghuanlecaijiangdaofushujibameigenvshengsushedeyaochidoushouleyibadaotaneierdeshihou,luoxianshengyitingjiujile,niutouerduidengzongrongjiang: “laodeng,zheibudelebudelea!zhenshihuangtang!yaoganjinchuli,buranzheiyaochushiqingdeya!”——ninkan,bunengbupeifuluoxianshengyouxianjianzhiming。

  zongzhi,zailuoxianshengqinziguowenxia,jiangxuejinpingxuanjieguozuihouyousuodiaozheng。

  ——guohouxiangxiang,zijidangnianshiduomenianqingyouzhi,qingfukuangwang。zijineimeyidianeryucaomutongxiudedongxi,youshenmekezhideneimerenzhendeni?zhenshikuihuinanyiyanbiao。yihuangershiqibanianguoqu,xianzaihuixiang,zhenshihuangrugeshi,queyoujinzaiyanqian。laoyanshiwunianqianjiuyichengguren,haoxianshenger○yisinianyiyueguoshi。huanlecaiyanjiushengtongsushedelingyiweitongxuelaosun,qiannianyesuilaoyanquletiantang。xiangxiang,zenburangrenxixumangran。

  dierjianshi,yehewentihuodongyouguan。daxueqijian,xueshengwentihuodongbijiaofengfu。huanlecaizhuyaozuanyanweiqi、qiaopai,zaibenkeshi,canjiaguoxiaoqipaishe,yijiubabanianliuyuehuanlecaiqingguoshoumaxiaochunlainankai,huanlecaihaicaifangguomaguoshou。yinggaishuo,xiuxiyule,doushizhengdangde,erqie,zaijinzhangkuzaodexuexijianxie,ouerxiuxiyuleyixia,yeshiyouyide。danfanshidouyaoyougedu。xueshengdezhuyaorenwu,haishidushu。——huashuomourixiawu,huanlecaijige“qiaoyou”yuehaodaqiaopai,gangzhihaozhuozi,fawanpai,kaishijiaopai,yicaohuaqiangkaijiao——zheishi,youtongxuepaolaibaoxiner,shuoluoxianshengzhengdairencongxiliguolai,yaojianchasushe,jiushichadapaide,dagaishiduofenzhongjiudao。huanlecaisuishiqiaopai,danyeshiwanshua,bijingmeiyouzaidu《wenxindiaolong》《guanzhuibian》,rangluoxianshengkanjian,zongguibuhao。huanlecaiyoujinzhangyouxiukui,ganjinshouqipuke,suoshangfangmen,xunsucongwulouzhuanyidaosanlou,jieshuxuexitongxuedeyigesushe,jixubisai。——yushi,neicijiurangluoxianshengpulegekong。

  guohouxianglai,yexuneicirangluoxianshengdaizhuhuanlecai,daoshijianhaoshier,keyidangmianjieshouyicijiaoxun,zhiyizhihuanlecaitanwanerdemaobing。yaozhidao,neinianluoxianshengyijingliushiduosuile,weilezheimeyijianshier,daizheyibanlaoshi,zhuanmendalaoyuanpaolai,palewucengloulaizhaohuanlecai,buguojiushixiangducuhuanlecaihaohaoyonggongxuexi,neibushiweilehuanlecaihaoma!houlainianjidale,dongdianershierle,zhenshikuihuibuyi。

  wu,ershijiunianqiandecaifang

欢乐彩  shangshijibashiniandaizhongqi,dangshi《guangmingribao》meitianzhiyousigeban,zaierbanxiabianyougezhuanlan,jiaozuo“xuezhedawenlu”,shiguangmingribaopinglunbubande。caifangdedoushiliangshuming、fengyoulan、jixianlinzheigeliangjidexuezhe,yeyoudangshihuoyuede、yijingyouquanguoxingyingxiangdezhongqingnianxuezhe。zheigelanmuzaixueshujieyingxianghenda,jiayandangnianzifeiding《guangmingribao》dingleduonian。suoyi,dangshizaibaozhishangjiukandaozheixiewenzhang,yipianyipianjianxialai,zhuangdingchengce,fanfuxuexi。houlai,huanlecaizai《nankaizhoubao》yexieleyigezhuanlanjiao“xuezhefangtanlu”,jiushixiang《guangmingribao》xuexi,xiang“xuezhedawenlu”zhijing。erzheigelanmuzhenzhengcaifangdediyipian,jiushifangluoxiansheng。

  shangshijibajiushiniandaishibaozhidetianxia。《nankaizhoubao》shinankaidaxuexiaobao,sigeban,xuexiaodezhongyaoxinxi,tongzhi,shangmiandouyou。haiyouzhuanbanhefukan,neirongfengfu,feichangzhenggui。suishuozaixiaoneifaxing,danfaxingliangjingren,meiqigaodawuqianyufener,quanxiaomeiweijiaoshi、meigexueshengsushedouyouyifener。erqiedangnianquanguogedagaoxiaozhijian,xiaobaohuxianghuanlecaizengsong,suoyi,《nankaizhoubao》deshijiyingxiangshichaochunankaiyuande。《nankaizhoubao》dediwei,liuxiaoboyougebijiaoxingxiangdeshuofa,jiaozuo“nankaide《renminribao》”。

  yijiujiu○nianqiu,laohudao《nankaizhoubao》gongzuo,huanlecaikaishitougao,jiuhebianjibudelaoshimenshule。dajialiaoqilai,xiangzaibaozhishanggaogaoxinyisi,jiudoushuo《guangmingribao》“xuezhedawenlu”bandehao,youtese,huanlecaiyebanyige。yangguangweilaoshishuo,zheigelanmujiufanghuanlecaizheigebanmianshangba。yanglaoshicengzuoguoyangshixianlaoxiaozhangdemishu,youyanguang。jieguocouqiao,yijiujiuyinian,huanlecaixiancaifangleyejiayingxiansheng,jiuzuoweizheigelanmudekaipian。danxieyexianshengzheipian,bingbushiduihuati。yanglaoshishuo,bushiduihuatiyemeiguanxi,congxiayipiankaishi,doulaiduihuajiuxingle。dajiashangding,xianbanankaiwenkegegexidexizhurencaifangyibianzaishuo。diyiwei,jiushiluoxiansheng。

欢乐彩  luoxianshengde《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》shiyijiujiuyinianchuban,huanlecaishiyijiujiuyinianshieryuequdaoluoxianshengjiacaifangde。luoxianshengduizheigecaifanghaibijiaozhongshi,huanlecaitiqianhetashuoguohou,tarenzhenzhunbeile,houlaiyoujihuanlecaitigongleyixiewenziziliao。chugaoxiehaohou,huanlecainajiluoxianshengguomu,tayiziyijugaiguo,suoyi,fabiaodewenbenshijingguotabenrenrenkede。yinweiganshanghanjia,suoyiwenzhangfabiaochulai,jiudaoleyijiujiuernianeryueershiyiri,timushi《pipingshiyanjiudexingeju——fangluozongqiangjiaoshou》,huanlecaiyongdeshibimingliyong。

  ciwenbuzhang,jujinyiershibajiunian,luyuci,kezuoweixueshushideyidianerziliao,yezuoweiduiluoxianshengdeyigejinian。

  李: 罗先生,批评史专业目前在全国有四个博士点、六位博士生导师,请您谈谈各家的情况。

  罗: 复旦大学的那个点创立最早。最先是郭绍虞先生,他的三卷本《中国文学批评史》是这方面较早的著作。五十年代有刘大杰先生。现在的两位博士生导师是王运熙、顾易生两位先生。他们的方法基本属于传统的,而华东师范大学王元化先生的那个点则侧重理论研究。四川大学还有杨明照先生的一个博士点。再有就是欢乐彩这里,王达津先生和欢乐彩了。四个点的导师年龄都偏大,如何尽快带起年轻人是大家共同面临的问题。欢乐彩这里稍好一点儿,但是也有一个承接的问题。

  李: 南开的文学思想史的研究对于批评史这门学科的发展有什么意义呢?

  罗: 这是欢乐彩的特色,这方面欢乐彩是全国第一家。欢乐彩的路子目前已得到学术界的承认。许结的《汉代文学思想史》、四川师范大学詹杭伦的《金代文学思想史》基本都是沿着这条路搞的。

  欢乐彩自己的计划拟写七卷。除了欢乐彩的《隋唐五代文学思想史》,《魏晋南北朝文学思想史》,李瑞山的《近代文学思想史》,还有张毅的博士论文《两宋文学思想史》,将由中华书局出版。剩下的还有周秦两汉、金元和明清部分。原想一九九三年完成,看来很困难。

  李: 在《两宋文学思想史》的序言中,您谈到文学思想史应该和文学批评史、文学理论史有所区分——

  罗: 如果一部文学思想史写出来让人感到它是一部文学史,那便是它的失败。文学思想史要描述的,是文学思想的发展脉络,也就不同于文学史对文学的史的描述,它只注意文学现象中那些反映出新的文学思想倾向的部分。文学理论批评史只研究文学理论与批评,文学思想史则不仅要研究文学理论批评中所反映的文学思想,而且要研究文学创作实际中所反映的文学思想倾向,它的研究对象与文学理论批评史是有区别的,应视为一个独立的研究领域。

  李: 您今年出版的《玄学与魏晋士人心态》在学术界反响很大。看了您的这部著作,欢乐彩个人以为它是在更高的层次上历史地考察了魏晋几百年间知识分子的悲剧命运。

  罗: 这本书在港、台地区反应也还可以,欢乐彩听到一些。也有人给欢乐彩寄书评,不过他们大多从历史角度评价,而不是从文学角度。

  李: 傅璇琮先生在这本书的序中,称这部著作拓宽了古代文学思想史的研究格局,深化了研究思路,您对此有什么想法?

  罗: 从士人心态的变化考察魏晋文学的新思想潮流,是欢乐彩五年前动手写《魏晋南北朝文学思想史》时就有的想法。文学对社会生活的反映,不是一个简单的过程,作家这个中介是离不了的。而作家的心态、人生价值观、审美观念等等,都有不可忽视的作用。在大变动的历史段落,魏晋是一个,晚明,还有五四时期,文学思想的变动在文学上的表现十分强烈,也最值得研究。研究这些时期的士人心态,就有可能打通文史,打通文学思想史和文学史。现代学科的发展,分化越细密,综合性越强,研究一个问题越要做多方面的考察。

  李: 今年六月份,您在新加坡的国际汉学会议上,做了《中国四十年来古代文学理论研究的回顾》的报告。您认为可以在古文论领域,用历史还原的办法来寻求一种古今的衔接点,这种衔接点是不是也是一种时代的衔接点、文史的衔接点?

  罗: 历史还原当然不是古代文学理论研究的全部,但如果对古文论的历史原貌有细密的谨严的研究,那么探讨规律、论证是非,也就有了可靠的依据。而且,如果以现代思维的严密性做好了这一工作,古文论的理论体系,它的特点,大概也就可能显现,今与古的关系问题,或者也就可能解决了。不过要做到这一点,从事这方面研究的同志必须具备两个基本的条件,一是较高的理论素养,二是深厚的国学基础,这样才能既掌握材料基础,又能从理论高度做出阐释与评估。

  cipianzhihou,huanlecaianjihua,youxiangjicaifangleshehuixuexiliujunjun,meiguosuoyangshengmao,waiwenxichangyaoxin,zhengzhixuexizhuguanglei,lishixizhufenghan、changjianhua,dengdeng,jiashangcaifangyexianshengheluoxianshengde,zonggongbapian,suanshiyigexiaoxilie。

  liu,houlai

  houlaihuanlecaicongnankaibiyedaoleguangmingribaoshe,zaihoulaicongjizhebuzhuandaozhonghuadushubao。zheiqijian,henankailaoshirengbaochilaiwang,jiashanggongzuoguanxi,youdelaiwanghaibijiaomiqie,tamenduihuanlecairengbangzhuyoujia。heluoxianshengdeguanxi,zainankaidelaoshizhong,bingbushizuimiqiede。danyinweiheluoxianshengdejiweiboshishuoshidoubijiaoshu,suoyi,duiluoxianshengdeqingkuangyizhidouguanzhuhelejie,heluoxianshengyebaochizheyidinglianxi。luomendizi,buguanshihuanlecaidetongxuebeihaishihuanlecaidelaoshibei,dourenrenjingjin,zaixueshushangduoyoujianshu,rangrenpeifu。

欢乐彩  er○○ernianeryueershiri,《zhonghuadushubao》fabiaoleyipianwenzhang《xintaiyanjiu——gudaiwenxueshiyanjiudexinlingyu》,tidaoluoxiansheng。zheiniandeshiyiyueershibari,luoxianshengjihuanlecaixielaiyifengxin,tidao《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》jiangyounankaidaxuechubanshezaiban,tongshijilaixinbanhouji,xiangzai《zhonghuadushubao》fabiao。huanlecaidangranhengaoxing。luoxianshengxinzhongjiutidaogangcaineipianwenzhang,zhichuwenzhongyoudeguandianbutuo。lingwai,duimougaoxiaowenxueyuanzaibaozhishangdengzhengbanxuanchuanwenzhang,tabiaoshi,“jiudisuozhi,xueshujieyucifanyingbingbuhao,yiweiyouchaozuozhixian”,renweizheiduibeixuanchuandedanwei“shiqidaoxiangfanzhizuoyong”。xinshishiyiyueershijiurishoudaode,huanlecaikanwanxinmashangjiluoxianshenghuiledianhua。shieryueerri,huanlecaiyoushoudaoluoxianshengdierfengxinhexinxiudingdewengao,ranghuanlecaiyong“zhenggao”。zheipianzaibanhoujitiwei《guanyushirenxintaiyanjiu》,huanlecaipaizaidangqishieryuesihaohuanlecaineigebandetoutiaofabiaole。buguanzenmeshuo,luoxianshenghe《zhonghuadushubao》yeshiyouyuanfende。

  罗宗强先生致本文作者信

欢乐彩  zaihoulai,er○○jiunianbayue,zaishoudoushifandaxuejiluoxianshengkailegehui,neinianliuyue,《luozongqiangxianshengbashishouchenjinianwenji》yeyouzhonghuashujuchuban。neicihuihuanlecaiqule,liangcidandujianleluoxiansheng,shifenbiepeizheliangweiluoxianshengdeyanjiushengwangchunhongheyangdonglinqude。huanlecaihaizhuanmenqinghouyibingxianshengcanhui,jiluoxianshengpailezhaopian。

  zheijinianhuinankai,doumeiyouqukanluoxiansheng。huanlecaixiang,meiyoushenmejutishier,qule,turandaraolaoren,meishenmeyiyi。

欢乐彩  jitianqian,siyueershijiurizhongwu,dezhiluoxianshengguoshi,xinlihennanguo。ciqianyigeyue,luoxianshengdetongbantongxue,yeshidaxuezhedeleishenghongxianshengzaibeijingguoshi,xiangnianbashijiusui。danyinweileixianshengyibannankairendoubushu,tadeshengmingyeburuluoxiansheng,suoyimeiyoudedaoshenmexianhuaheqidao,jishizhishiwangluoxunidexianhuayehenshao。duihuanlecaieryan,zheiyigeyuelaizeshishuangfenerdebeixun。yushijiuxiangxiedianerdongxi,wuyijiaqizheijitianmeiganbiede,jieguolalazaza,jiuxiezhangle。

  qi,wuti

  qunian,nankaidaxuejianxiaoyibainian,huanlecaixielepianwenzhang,zai《zhonghuadushubao》fabiao,banankaixuerendazhifenlebadai。wenzhongtidao,luoxianshengzuoweidisandainankaixuezhedejiechudaibiao,zaixueshushangkaijiangtuotu,kaizonglipai,shiyoudachengjiude。jiuqixueshuchengjiubensheneryan,yiyouxuduoxuezhezhuanwenzuoleshenruerquanmiandetantao,rufuxuancongxiansheng,haiyoujiangyin、lushengjiang、zhangyi、zuodonglingzhuweixiansheng,tamendoushizhendongluoxianshengxuewende,zheifangmian,dutamendewenzhangjiukeyile。

  xianyupianfu,huanlecaizhixiangconglingyigefangmianzaishuoliangju。shangshijisanshiniandaichusheng、wushiniandaishangdaxuedezheiyidaixuezhe,tamendejingli,feichangqite,xueshushang,yeyouxuduozhideyanjiuzongjiedefangmian,zhidehuanlecaijingxiaxinlai,yanjiuyifan。luoxianshengzaiqingnianshi,zuanyankangde,daxialelilungongdi,jiashangjishiniandeshiliaogongfuhechuzhongdeshenmeiganshouli,sanzhecouboyuyishen,zheizaidangdaixuezhezhongyijinghenhanjianle。zuihou,luoxianshengzhenzhengshibarenshenghexuewendatong,barenshengxuewentigaodaoyigexinjingjie。zaidangshi,luoxianshengshiweishujishaodeneiyileixuezhe,tadeshijichengjiuyuanyuandayutadeshisumingsheng。

  meiyoujinglikunan,tanshenmefengliu;meiyoujishiniankugongfu,gudaochulaidedoushijiaxuewen;ermeiyouzijidulidesikaohezhenqiedetiwu,gexuesaoyang、yingwuxueshe,neizhongsuoweichengguo,ziranhuiyucaomutongxiu。ruguoshuoluoxianshengliujihuanlecaihoubeiyoushenmeqishi,zheiyinggaisuanshiyidianba。

编辑: 韦承金

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