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王伟光: 马克思主义为什么行
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  wangweiguang

  ●makesizhuyixing,shiyoumakesizhuyidekexuebenxing、renminbenxing、shijianbenxinghechuangxinbenxingsuojuedingde。

  ●daibiaorenmin、weilerenmin,shimakesizhuyinenggoushizhongzhanjulilunzuigaofenghedaoyizhigaodiandezhenzhengyuanyin。

  ●makesizhuyizhisuoyiyongbukujie,yongyuanjuyoupengbodeshengmingli,qiaqiazaiyutadeshijianxing。

  ●makesizhuyizhisuoyishizhenli,zaiyutayongyuanbuhuitingliuzaitongyigeshuipingshang,yongyuanxianggenggaodeshuipingfazhan。

  xinzhongguochengli70nianlai,zhonghuaminzuyinglailecongzhanqilai、fuqilaidaoqiangqilaideweidafeiyue,makesizhuyizaizhongguodadifangshechucanlanguangmang、jiechufengshuoguoshi,makesizhuyizhongguohualilunchengguobuduandijiangmakesizhuyituixiangxindelishigaodu。shijianzhengming,makesizhuyidemingyunzaoyitongzhongguogongchandangdemingyun、zhongguorenmindemingyun、zhonghuaminzudemingyunjinjinlianzaiyiqi,tadekexuexinghezhenlixingzaizhongguodedaolechongfenjianyan,taderenminxingheshijianxingzaizhongguodedaolechongfenguanche,tadekaifangxingheshidaixingzaizhongguodedaolechongfenzhangxian!weici,benbanzhuanmenyueqingzhongguoshehuikexueyuanyuanyuanzhangwangweiguang,conglishi、shijianheshijianweiduquanshi“makesizhuyiweishenmexing”。

  ——bianzhe

  170duonianlai,makesi、engesijieshileziran、shehuizuiyibandekeguanguilv,faxianlegongchanzhuyibirandaitizibenzhuyidelishibiranqushi,tongguowuchanjiejigeminghewuchanjiejizhuanzhengdadaorenleizuimeihaoweilaidekexueshehuizhuyililun,chuanglilegongrenjiejideshijieguanfangfalun——makesizhuyi,chedihuanxinglechenshuizhongdequanshijiegongrenjiejiheguangdaminzhong。makesizhuyidedansheng,shenkegaibianleshijieshidaigeju,zhongsulerenleilishideshidaijiyuan,dadaolezuoweiyouzhiyugaizaoshijiederenleililunsiweideshidaigaofeng。

  shijieshehuizhuyiyundongzhengfanliangfangmiandejingyanjiaoxunbiaoming,makesizhuyichuangshirenshenhoujin170duoniandelishicangsangjubianshenkezhaoshi,wuyunzhongjiuzhebuzhutaiyang,yanqueyongyuanfeibudaohonghuzhigaoyuan,yueshizhenliyuefatouguowuyunzhebiershanshuochubuxiudeguangmang。lishiheshijianzhengmianshishibiaoming,makesizhuyichenggongkaichuanglerenleilishifengqiyunyongdegongrenyundongheshehuizhuyiyundong,makesizhuyizhenlichengjiuleeguoshiyueshehuizhuyigemingdexinjiyuan,chengjiulediyigeshehuizhuyiguojiasuliandedansheng,chengjiuleyixilieluohouguojiashehuizhuyigeminghehuanlecaidechenggong,chengjiulezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidejudachenggong。lishiheshijiandefanmianjiaoxunyechongfenzhengming,beilimakesizhuyizhongjiangzhaozhishibai,dongoujubianjiushizuicantongdejiaoxun。lishi、shijianheshijianshengdongquanshile“makesizhuyiweishenmexing”。

  马克思主义行:

  在于它概括具体科学,又高于具体科学

  maozedongzhichu: “shenmeshizhishi?zicongyoujiejideshehuicunzaiyilai,shijieshangdezhishizhiyouliangmen,yimenjiaozuoshengchandouzhengzhishi,yimenjiaozuojiejidouzhengzhishi。zirankexue、shehuikexue,jiushizheiliangmenzhishidejiejing,zhexuezeshiguanyuziranzhishiheshehuizhishidegaikuohezongjie。”“makesizhuyiyoujimenxuewen,makesizhuyizhexue、makesizhuyijingjixue、makesizhuyideshehuizhuyi——jiejidouzhengxueshuo,danjichudedongxishimakesizhuyizhexue。”zirankexueyushehuikexuedemeiyigejutixuekedoushiyanjiubenxuekeyanjiuduixiangteshuguilvdekexue,zhexuezeshishehuikexuehezirankexuedejiejing,shichuyuzheiliangmenkexuezhishangde、gaikuolezheiliangmenkexuezhishidedaxuewen。makesizhuyishiyizhexueweijichudeliluntixi,jianlizairenleiyiqiekexuefazhanjichuzhishangdekexuetixi。

欢乐彩  makesizhuyijingdianzuojiarenwei,zirankexuesandafaxianyijiyixiliekexuejishudefazhan,xingchenglejindaizirankexuefazhandezongtigeju,“huanlecaijiunenggouyikaojingyanzirankexuebenshensuotigongdeshishi,yijinhuxitongdexingshimiaohuichuyifuziranjielianxideqingxituhua。”shehuikexuezai19shijiyeyoulehendajinzhan。kaogudengshehuikexuexinfaxianbarenleishehuijinglileyuanshishehuidaonulishehui、fengjianshehui、zaidaozibenzhuyishehuidefazhanjinchengheweilaishehuifazhanqushi,yishizhengdefangshichengxianchulai。moergende《gudaishehui》yishizhengdefangshizaixianlerenleiheweilaishehuichanshenghefazhandeshishi。deguogudianzhexue、kongxiangshehuizhuyiheyingguogudianjingjixuesandazhexueshehuikexuedexinchengjiu,weimakesizhuyichanshengtigonglechongfendelilunzhunbei。makesizhuyizhisuoyishikexuede,zhengshiyinweitajianlizaizhexue、zirankexueheshehuikexueyixiliefaxiandejichuzhishang,pandenglerenleililunsiweidekexuezuigaofeng。

欢乐彩  makesizhuyizuoweixitong、wanzheng、kexuedeliluntixi,neihanzhexueshijieguanfangfalun、yibanyuanlihejutijielunsangecengci,gouchengmakesizhuyibuduanchuangxin、xitongwanzhengdekexuetixi。makesizhuyizhexueshimakesizhuyidediyigecengci,yeshizuigaocengci,shimakesizhuyidezuijichu、zuihexindebufen,shiduiziran、shehuihesiweizuiyibanguilvjiqibenzhitezhengdekexuegaikuo,shidianpubupo、fangzhisihaierjiezhundezhenli,weirenmentigonglezuikexue、zuiruilideshijieguan、fangfalun,tigonglerenshichuliwentidelichang、guandianhefangfa。makesizhuyiyibanyuanlihejielunjieshimakesizhuyijingdianzuojiayunyongmakesizhuyizhexueshijieguanfangfalun,jilichang、guandianhefangfa,fenxipanduanwentierdechudeyibanyuanlihejutipanduan。

欢乐彩  makesizhuyizuijibenbufen——makesizhuyizhexuechanshengzhiqiandeyiqiejiuzhexue,juyousandaquexian: diyigequexian,weiwulunyubianzhengfaxiangfenli。zaimakesizhuyizhexuechanshengzhiqian,meiyourenhezhexueliupaihuozhexuejiabaweiwuzhuyiyubianzhengfachedijiehe。deguogudianzhexuejidachengzheheigeerzhexuebabianzhengfafazhandaolerenleisiweidangshisuonengdadaodezuigaoshuizhun,danshitadezhexueshiweixinzhuyidewaiyibaoguozhebianzhengfadehelineihe,ruguobutupoweixinzhuyishijieguandeshufu,bianzhengfayiranfazhandaobunengzaifazhandedibule。feierbahaweiwuzhuyishiweiwuzhuyifazhandegaofeng,danfeierbaharenbenxueweiwuzhuyishishouzhiguande、beidongde、xingershangxuesiweifangshideshufu,weiwuzhuyizaifeierbahaneiliyeyijingfazhandaolebunengzaifazhandedibu。makesi、engesitupoleweixinzhuyi、xingershangxuedejiasuo,baweiwulunyubianzhengfachedijiehezaiyiqi,chuanglilebianzhengweiwuzhuyizheiyirenleizhexuesiweidezuigaofeng。diergequexian,weixinzhuyizailishiguanlingyuzhantongzhidiwei。zaiweiwushiguanzhiqian,renmenwangwangbaduirenleishehuiderenshibingchuzaikexuezhiwai。zheijishiyifeierbahaweidaibiaodeyiqiejiuweiwuzhuyidebinggen,yeshiweixinzhuyibianzhengfasiweisuowurunikengdelingyu。renleishehuihuodongbiziranjiedebianhuayaofuzadeduo,jinjinyongchuantongdejiuzhexuedesiweifangshishitutansuorenleishehuifazhandeguilv,wuyiyuyongdijibandegongjujiedugaojibandemima,shijuenanyiyouchengguode。makesijiang“congshishijihuodongderen”zuoweilishidejibenqianti,zhichurenleilishishangdiyigehuodongshi“shengchanwuzhishenghuobenshen”,congerzhaodaolebuyirendeyizhiweizhuanyide、juedingzhenggeshehuishenghuodejuedingxingliliang——shengchanli,zhaodaoleyiqierenleishehuishenghuolaiyicunzaidewuzhijichu——shehuishengchanfangshi,bingcongshengchanliyushengchanguanxidemaodunyundong,yijiyouciyanshengchulaidejingjijichuheshangcengjianzhudemaodunyundong,shuominglerenleishehuide“zhongjishehuixingtai”defazhanlicheng,jieshilerenleilishifazhandekeguanguilv。weiwushiguanduiyurenleishehuixingtaidewanzhengxingchanshi,tebieshiduirenleishehuilishijinchengdeguilvxingbawo,zhijinrengzaibuduanbeirenleishehuifazhanjinchengsuoyanzheng,zhengruengesisuojiang,“xianqianwulunzichanjiejijingjixuejiahuozheshehuizhuyipipingjiasuozuodeyiqieyanjiudouzhishizaiheianzhongmosuo。”engesijiangmakesiduirenleilishifazhanguilvdefaxian,biniyudaerwenduiyoujijiefazhanguilvdefaxian,chengweiwushiguanweimakesizhuyidediyigeweidafaxian,duirenleisixiangdediyigeweidagongxian。disangequexian,weixindijieshirenleisiweideyibanguilv。jiuzhexueyizhiwufazhengquedijieshirenleisiweideyibanguilv,bunengkexuedishuomingrendesixiangshicongnalilaide、zenyangchanshengde,bunengzhengquejiedarenleisiweifazhandebenzhiyuguilv,bunengshuomingrenderenshidegenyuan、dongli、jianyanbiaozhunherenshiguilv。makesizhuyirenwei,renshiganxingde、nengdongde、shijiande、shehuideren,zhengyinweirendewuzhideshijianhuodong,shouxianshishengchanshijian,tongshibaokuokexueyanjiushijianhezhengzhihuodongshijian(zaijiejishehuizhongshijiejidouzhengshijian)chuangzaolerenherenleishehui,yechuangzaolerendesiwei、tuidonglerenleisiweidefazhan。makesizhuyizhexuejieshilerenleisiweifazhandebenzhiheguilv。

欢乐彩  makesizhuyizhexuebaweiwulunhebianzhengfajiehezaiyiqi,chedidiyunyongdaolishiguan、renshilunzhong,baweiwuzhuyiwuzhiguanyunyongdaolishilingyuxingchengkexuedeshijieguan,yunyongdaorenshilingyuxingchenglekexuedeshijianguan,jianlileshijianweiwuzhuyijichushangdeweiwuzhuyilishiguanheweiwuzhuyirenshilun,congerchengweizuichedidejianchibianzhengfadeweiwulun,yechengweizuichedi、zuiwanbeidejianchiweiwulundebianzhengfa。makesizhuyixing,zuishouyaodeshimakesizhuyizhexuexing。

欢乐彩  makesiyunyongbianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyidelichang、guandianhefangfaguanchazibenzhuyishehui,chuanglileshengyujiazhililun,jieshilezibenzhuyishehuimaodunyundongguilv,dechu“lianggebiran”dejielun。engesipingjiashengyujiazhililunshishuo,tashimingliangdeyangguangzhaojinlejingjixuelingyu,erzaizheigelingyuzhong,congqianshehuizhuyizhexiangzichanjiejijingjixuejiayiyangcengzaishenchendeheianzhongmosuo。xiangjiaoyuweiwushiguanduirenleilishishidaijinchengdefenxi,shengyujiazhililunduiyuzibenzhuyishehuidefenxi,zecongdadelishiguilvdeshenkebawoshenrudaoduizibenzhuyifazhanguilvdejingzhunrenzhi,yizhiyurangrenmenzaizibenzhuyiziranshengmingde“youshengzhinian”jiushikeganshoudaoqiqiangdadekexuexing。zai19shiji40niandaidewenxianzhong,chule《gongchandangxuanyan》,meiyouzuozheganxiangmakesiheengesineiyangtiekouzhiduan,“(zichanjieji)anzhaozijidemianmaoweizijichuangzaochuyigeshijie”。tongshizizigaojiegongrenjieji,zibenzhuyibiranmiewang,gongrenjiejiyeyidinghuianzhaozijidemianmaochuangzaoyigezhanxindeshijie。zaineixieyongsujingjixuejiadeyanzhong,yidangshideshengchanlishuiping,moshuowuchanjiejishangzaiqiangbaozhizhong,jiushizichanjiejiyouzaiyounianfayujieduan,hetan“chuangzaoyigeshijie”。gengtanbushangzichanjiejichuangzaodeshijiebiranmiewang,wuchanjiejijiangchuangzaoyigebizichanjiejiqiangbaibeidexinshijie。jinguolebangeshiji,zibenzhuyiyijingzaiquanqiujianliqilezijidelaogutongzhi,bingqiejinrulediguozhuyijieduan。dangyongsujingjixuejiamenzai20shijimohuanhuzhexuangao《zibenlun》yijingguoshi,zibenzhuyichedigaobieweijishenzhijijiangzhongjierenleilishideshihou,21shijikaishimanyankailaidezibenzhuyishijiexingweijijitamendelianshanglailezhongzhongyiji,zaicizhengmingmakesizhuyideshengyujiazhililunshidianpubupodekexuezhenli。

欢乐彩  weiwushiguanheshengyujiazhililunshimakesizhuyizhisuoyichengweikexuedeliangdalilunjishi。zhengshizaiweiwushiguanheshengyujiazhililundejianshijichuzhishang,makesijianlilemakesizhuyizhengzhijingjixue、kexueshehuizhuyililun,xingchengleguanyuziran、shehuiherenleisiweiguilvdeyixilieyuanli、guandianhejielun,chuanglileweiwuchanjiejihequanrenleishixianjiefangdezuikexue、zuichedideliluntixi。

  马克思主义行:

  在于它来自人民,又为了人民

  zairenleisixiangshishang,makesizhuyizhisuoyinenggouchengweiyizuolingrenyangzhidegaofeng,chuleqikexuexingzhiwai,haizaiyuqishenhouderenminxing。kexuexingjiejuedeshi“shifeiwenti”“huanlecaishisheidewenti”,shirenshiwenti;renminxingjiejuedeshi“sheishisheifeiwenti”“huanlecaiweileshei”dewenti,shilichangwenti。makesizhuyibushiweimougejituanhuojiejidaiyande“siqi”,ershiweiwuchanjiejiherenleijiefangerdouzhengde“gongqi”,daibiaojuedaduoshurendeliyihelishijinbufangxiang。daibiaorenmin、weilerenmin,shimakesizhuyinenggoushizhongzhanjulilunzuigaofenghedaoyizhigaodiandezhenzhengyuanyin。

  renminshilishidezhenzhengchuangzaozhe。makesizhuyishirenmindelilun,shirenminshixianzishenjiefangdesixiangtixi,tajieshilerenminweishenmeshizijidezhuren、shehuidezhuren、lishifazhandezhuren,jiedalerenminzenyangchengweizijidezhuren、shehuidezhuren、renleishehuifazhandezhuren,weirenmintanqiuzishenziyoujiefangdedaoluhezuizhongjianliyigemeiyouyapo、meiyouboxue、renrenpingdeng、renrenziyoudegongchanzhuyishehuizhiminglefendoudefangxiang。

  makesizhuyijiangderenminbingbushiyiqieboxuejiejisuofanzhidechaojiejide“ren”,ershizhidangshidaidegongrenjiejijiqiguangdalaodongrenmin。zhengshizaizheigeyiyishangshuo,makesizhuyiderenminxingjiushigongrenjiejidejiejixing,makesizhuyiderenminlilunjiushigongrenjiejidejiejililun,juyouxianmingdejiejixing。makesishuo: “kexueyueshihaowugujihedagongwusi,tajiuyuefuhegongrendeliyiheyuanwang。”zibenzhuyidetongzhizhejiqizhengzhijia、sixiangjiasibuchengrentamendelilunyudaodeshiyoujiejixingde,renweishichaojiejide、quanminde、pushide,yongyuanbuchengrenguojiadejiejixing,zichengshiquanmindeguojia,zheidoushiyanerdaolingdepianrenbaxi,yeshixuweidebiaoxian,shiboxuejiejitongzhidexuyao。maozedongyizhenjianxuedizhichu: “zaijiejishehuizhong,meiyigerendouzaiyidingdejiejidiweizhongshenghuo,gezhongsixiangwubudashangjiejideluoyin。”tamendouyiyudaopodaodedejiejixing。zibenzhuyiguojiagenbenbushiquanmindeguojia,ershishaoshuzichanjiejideguojia,guojiashijiejideguojia。

  makesizhuyidechuxinheshiming,guigendaodijiushiyijuhua,weiwuchanjiejijiquanrenleiqiujiefang。zhengruxijinpingzongshujizaijinianmakesidanchen200zhouniandahuishangzhichudeneiyang,“makesizhuyizhisuoyijuyoukuayueguodu、kuayueshidaideyingxiangli,jiushiyinweitazhigenrenminzhizhong,zhimingleyikaorenmintuidonglishiqianjinderenjianzhengdao。”makesizhuyililunbujinshichanshurenminzhutidelilun,gengzhongyaodeshiweirenminmoujiefangdelilun,shiweilegaibianrenminlishimingyunerchuanglide,shizairenminqiujiefangdeshijianzhongxingchengde,yeshizairenminqiujiefangdeshijianzhongfengfuhefazhande,weirenminrenshishijie、gaizaoshijietigongleqiangdajingshenliliang。

  gongchanzhuyixueshuoshimakesizhuyirenminxingdezuigaolilunbiaoxian。lishishirenmindelishi,renleishehuifazhanguilvshirenminhuodongdeguilv。makesizhuyililunbujinshuominggongchanzhuyibirandaolai,gengzhongyaodeshizhidaorenminruheweishixiangongchanzhuyierfendoudeshijian。makesizhuanxie《zibenlun》dengzhuzuo,qi“zuizhongmudejiushijieshixiandaishehuidejingjiyundongguilv”,jinerzhidaowuchanjiejizhengdangliyongguilvlingdaorenminbuduantuijinrenminshijian,“suoduanhejianqing”lishijinchengzhongde“tongku”,yinlingrenmindasuijiushijiehuanlecaiyigegengjiagongzhenghepingdengdexinshijie。shiyuegemingdeshengli、xinzhongguodechengli、shehuizhuyizhidudechuangli、zhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaoludekaipi、zhongguoteseshehuizhuyijinruxinshidaideng,zheixiegongchandangrenzaijianchihefazhankexueshehuizhuyizheipiandawenzhangshangxiexiadejingcaipianzhang,shidegongchanzhuyixueshuozaibuduangaibianxiancunzhuangkuangderenmindexianshiyundongzhongyibuyibushixian。

欢乐彩  makesizhuyiderenminlilun,shouxianshirenminlichang,weirenminshuohua、weirenminmoujiefang、weirenminmouliyi、weirenminmouxingfu。zuoweimakesizhuyidechuangshiren,makesidebishengshimingjiushiweirenminjiefangerfendou,tazheizhongbeitianminren、yicangshengweiniandegaoshangjingshenpinge,yijiyanxingyizhi、zhixingheyideshijianbiaolv,shengdongquanshilemakesizhuyiderenminlichang。weilegaibianrenminshouboxue、shouyapodemingyun,makesiyiwufangutoushenhonghonglieliedegongrenyundong,shizhongzhanzaigemingdouzhengzuiqianyan。qingshaoniandemakesibuanyufubeiweiqishejideanyishenghuo,huaibao“weirenleiergongzuo”dezhixiang,zoushangle“beipan”jiating,“beipan”jiatingsuoshudeneigejiejidedaolu。makesiduanzaodelilunwuqi,huanxinglewuchanjiejineizaidejiejiyishihelishishiming,shiqibimianchenlunwei“wujidedaduoshu”,congerhuanfachugaizaojiushehuideweidaliliang。makesiyishengbaochangdianpeiliulidejianxin、pinbingjiaojiadejianao,zhongqiyishengyemeiyouzaizichanjiejishehuiweizijizhengqudaoyigenapamianqiangguodequdeshenghuo,ruguoshuomakesiduizijizaoshoudekunanxianghuodeshenmehuibaodehua,neitazai《zibenlun》diyijuandierbanbazhongbazheigeqiwangshuodehenqingchu,“《zibenlun》zaideguogongrenjiejiguangdafanweineixunsudedaolijie,shiduihuanlecaidelaodongzuihaodebaochou。”makesideguanghuiyisheng,tadequanbushenghuohelilunyanjiujiejingweiyijuhua,yiqieweilerenmin。

  马克思主义行:

  在于它源自实践,又指导实践

欢乐彩  shijiandeguandianshimakesizhuyishouyaode、jibendeguandian,shijianxingshimakesizhuyililunqubieyuqitalilundexianzhutezheng。makesizhuyizhisuoyiyongbukujie,yongyuanjuyoupengbodeshengmingli,qiaqiazaiyutadeshijianxing。shijianxingjuedingbingbaozhenglemakesizhuyinenggoucongshijianturangzhongbuduanjiquyangfen,congershizhongduixianshiyundongbaochiqiangdadejieshiliheyindaoli,congeryongyuanbaochilebuxiudehuoli。

欢乐彩  shijianjuedingrenshi,makesizhuyishishijiandechanwu。makesishuo,huanlecaidezhexuebujinjinshiweilerenshishijie,gengzhongyaodeshiweilegaizaoshijie。zibenzhuyishehuimaodunjihuadexianshitiaojianhegongrenyundong、shehuizhuyiyundongdeshijian,shimakesizhuyichanshengdeshenhoushijianjichu。makesizhuyichuanglishi,zibenzhuyideneizaimaodunyijingjihua,shehuilishifazhanyijingyiyifuqingxidelishiguilvdetuhuachengxianzairenmenmianqian,zibenzhuyishijiebaofaleyixiliedegongrenyundongshijian,rangmakesi、engesikandaoledaibiaoxianjinshengchanlidegongrenjiejishigaizaojiushehuidewuzhililiang,kandaolezibenzhuyishehuizichanjiejihegongrenjiejiliangdajiejidemaodun,kandaolezibenzhuyideshengyujiazhideshijiyunxing……zheixiedoucuchengmakesi、engesixiezuo《gongchandangxuanyan》《zibenlun》,tichukexueshehuizhuyililun。dangshidezibenzhuyishehuitiaojianhegongrenjiejiyuzichanjiejidedouzhengshijian,weimakesizhuyidexingchengtigongleyuanshicailiao,yezhengyinweimakesi、engesiqinshencanjialegongrenyundongheshehuizhuyiyundongshijian,caichuanglilezhidaogongrenjiejideshijianlilun。

欢乐彩  makesizhuyibushijiaotiaoershixingdongdezhinan,bushishuzhailidexuewen。makesizhuyideshijianbenxingshizhongqiangdiaoyiqiecongshijichufa,bazijidexueshuotongbuduanfazhandeshijian、buduanbianhuadeshijixiangjiehe。ruguolikaishijian,lilunyushijixiangtuoli,neime,jiuhuibamakesizhuyibianchengkongdongde、haowuzhenduixingdejiaotiao。makesizhuyizaiqifazhanjinchengzhong,zhengshijianchililunhejutishijixiangjiehe,caiyongbaopengbodeshengmingli。

欢乐彩  makesizhuyideshijianbenxingshizhongqiangdiaoshijianshijianyanzhenlideweiyibiaozhun。makesirenwei,lilundezhenlixinghexianshixingzhinengzaishijianzhongdedaojianyanheshixian: “rendesiweishifoujuyoukeguandezhenlixing,zheibushiyigelilundewenti,ershiyigeshijiandewenti。renyinggaizaishijianzhongzhengmingzijisiweidezhenlixing,jizijisiweidexianshixingheliliang,zijisiweidecianxing。”makesizhuyixingbuxing,yaoyoushishilaishuohua、youshijianlaipingpan。danshengyu19shijiouzhoudemakesizhuyililuntixi,jihuxijuanle20shijisuoyoudezhengzhifengyun,jidangqishuyishiyijiderenminqunzhongchongpojiuzhixudeweidadouzheng,zaiquanqiufanweineichuangjianqiyigefugaiquanqiu1/3renkoudeshehuizhuyizhenying。makesizhuyibujinjinshuyuguoqu,gengshuyuweilai,suirandanshengzaixifang,danqueshuyuquanrenlei。jinru21shijizhichu,suizhequanqiujingjiweijidemanyanyufajiao,xifangshehuizhuyiyundongzhujianfusu,“makesi”zheigemingzichongpoxifangxuezhegouzhudejingqiaoxueshulaolong,zhengzaizhongxinchengweifankangzibenzhuyiyundongzhongdeyimianqizhi。makesizhuyidansheng170duonianlai,geguogongrenjiejizhengdang,tebieshizhongguogongchandangjiangmakesizhuyijibenyuanliyuzhongguojutishijixiangjiehe,zaituidongbenguoshehuizhuyigeminghehuanlecaishunlifazhandetongshi,youzaishijianzhongjianyanhefazhanzhenli,buduanfengfuhewanshanmakesizhuyililuntixi。shijianyierzai、zaiersandizhengshimakesizhuyidezhenlixing。zhengruxijinpingzongshujizhichude: “bajianchimakesizhuyihefazhanmakesizhuyitongyiqilai,jiehexindeshijianbuduanzuochuxindelilunchuangzao,zheishimakesizhuyiyongbaoshengjihuolideaomiaosuozai。”

  马克思主义行:

  在于它不断发展,又永续开放

欢乐彩  chuangxinxingshimakesizhuyideyouyitexing。makesizhuyidechuangxinxingtixianweikaifangxing、baorongxinghefazhanxing,tabodajingshen,danbingbuzhuiqiutixiwanshanerchengweizihuanlecaifengbijianghuadeliluntixi,shizhongmianxiangshidaikaifang,jiangshidaifazhantigongdexinshijianhexinzhishinarujinlai,buduanhuiyingrenleishehuimianlindexintiaozhan,congerbaochiwangshengfazhanliliangheshengminghuoli。makesiyizaigaojierenmen,“huanlecaibuzhuzhanghuanlecaishuqirenhejiaotiaozhuyideqizhi”“huanlecaibushiyikonglunjiadezitai,shouzhongnaleyitaoxianchengdexinyuanlixiangshijiehedao: zhenlizaizheili,xiangtaguibaiba!”yiyanyibizhi,makesizhuyibingbupaichirenherenleidelilunchengguohexianjinwenming,ershikaifangde、jianrongde,congbujujuerenheyoujiazhidezhenli。tabingmeiyoujieshuzhenli,ershikaipitongwangzhenlidedaolu。butongshidaidemakesizhuyidaibiaorenwu,shunyingshidaifazhan、huidashidaiketi,xingchenglejiyimaixiangchengyouyushijujindekexuelilunxingtai。

  makesizhuyizhisuoyishizhenli,zaiyutayongyuanbuhuitingliuzaitongyigeshuipingshang,yongyuanxianggenggaodeshuipingfazhan。shijianchangxin,lilunyechangxin。makesizhuyiyaoqiurenmenshijian、shijian、zaishijian,tongshiyejiuxuyaoduishijianrenshi、renshi、zairenshi,yinerqibenshenbiransuizheshijiandefazhanerfazhan。engesijiangguo: “huanlecaidelilunshifazhanzhedelilun,erbushibixubeidegungualanshubingjixiedijiayizhongfudejiaotiao。”engesihaijiangguo,“makesidezhenggeshijieguanbushijiaotiao,ershifangfa。tatigongdebushixianchengdejiaotiao,ershijinyibuyanjiudechufadianhegongzheizhongyanjiushiyongdefangfa。”maozedongzai1959niandidao1960nianchuzaidusulianzhengzhijingjixuejiaokeshudeshihoujiangguo: “makesi、engesi、lieningdeshu,bixudu,zheishidiyi。danshirenheguojiadegongchandangren,renheguojiadewuchanjiejidesixiangjie,douyaochuangzaoxinlilun,xiechuxindezhuzuo,chanshengzijidelilunjia,laiweidangqiandezhengzhihuanlecai,renheguojia,renheshihou,dankaolaozuzongshibuxingde。”tahaijiang: “huanlecaizaidierciguoneizhanzhengmoqihekangzhanchuqixiele《shijianlun》《maodunlun》,zheixiedoushishiyingyudangshidexuyaoerbunengbuxiede。xianzai,huanlecaiyijingjinrushehuizhuyishidai,chuxianleyixiliedexinwenti,ruguodanyou《shijianlun》《maodunlun》,bushiyingxindexuyao,xiechuxindezhuzuo,xingchengxindelilun,yeshibuxingde。”renhegulidi、jingzhidiyanjiumakesizhuyi,batatongxianshishenghuozhongdeshengdongfazhangeliekailai、duiliqilai,shihaowuchulude。

欢乐彩  makesizhuyidechuangxinxingtedian,tuchutixianzaimakesizhuyijingdianzuojiashenshang。tamensuizheshijiandefazhanbuduandisikaoheyanjiuxindewenti,buduandichongshi、wanshanhechuangxinzijidelilun。19shijizhonghouqi,makesiheengesichuanglilemakesizhuyi,weidangshidegongrenyundongtigonglekexuedelilunzhidao,shizifadegongrenyundongbianweizijuedejiejiyundong,jidatuidongledangshioumeigeguowuchanjiejigemingyundongdefazhan。19shijimodao20shijichuqi,lieninggenjuconglongduanzibenzhuyishidaidemaodunchufa,faxianlezibenzhuyijingjizhengzhifazhanbupinghengdeguilv,zaidiguozhuyishijietongzhiliantiaodeboruohuanjiefadongshiyuegeming,jianlishijieshangdiyigeshehuizhuyizhengquan,bingxingchenglediguozhuyishidaidemakesizhuyi——lieningzhuyi。20shijizhongqi,yimaozedongweidaibiaodezhongguogongchandangren,jiangmakesizhuyiyuzhongguojutishijixiangjiehe,zaidongfangluohouguojiatansuodaoleyitiaotongguoxiaomiejieji、xiaomieboxueyicujingongtongfuyudefangshi,laishixianminzujiefangherendejiefangdexintujing,wanshanxingchenglezhongguohuademakesizhuyi——maozedongsixiang。gaigekaifangyilai,zaimakesizhuyidezhidaoxiazhongguogongchandangrentuidongzhongguodegaigekaifangshiye,qudelejushizhumudeweidachengjiu,xingchenglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyililuntixi。dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweizhuyaodaibiaodezhongguogongchandangrenlishidaizhichaotou、fasixiangzhixiansheng,conglilunheshijianjieheshangxitonghuidalexinshidai“jianchihefazhanshenmeyangdezhongguoteseshehuizhuyi、zenyangjianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi”zheigezhongdashidaiketi,xingchenglexijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiang,kexuegoujianledangdaizhongguomakesizhuyi、21shijimakesizhuyi。

  makesizai《zibenlun》dierjuandebazhongjingpidizhichu,“bianzhengfazaiduixiancunshiwudekendingdelijiezhongtongshibaohanduixiancunshiwudefoudingdelijie,jiduixiancunshiwudebiranmiewangdelijie。”buguanshizibenzhuyishehuihaishishehuizhuyishehui,doushizhongchuyubianzhengfazhandelishijinchengzhizhong。makesizhuyishizhongmianxiangshidaikaifang,mianxiangshijiankaifang,mianxiangyiqierenleiwenmingkaifang,youmakesi、engesijiqihoujizhemenbuduangenjushidai、shijian、renshifazhanchuqieheshidaizhuti、huiyingshidaitiaozhan、yinlingshidaichaoliudexinlilunhexinsixiang。zheizhengshiyushijujinzuoweimakesizhuyililunpinzhidebaoguizhichu,yeshimakesizhuyinenggouyongbaoshengjideaomizhisuozai。

  zaimakesidanchen200duoniandejintian,makesizhuyizhidaoxiadezhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyequdejushizhumudelishixingchengjiu,zhongguoyongjishinianshijianzouwanlefadaguojiajibainianzouguodegongyehualicheng,shibukenengchengweikeneng,tuidonghuanlecaiguozongheguoliheguojidiweishixianqiansuoweiyoudetisheng,tuidonghuanlecaiguorenminshenghuoshuipingshixianqiansuoweiyoudetisheng,zhonghuaminzuzhengyizhanxinzitaiyiliyushijiededongfang。“makesi”zheigemingzirengshishijiyizhongguorenrichangshenghuoxuyubukelidewenhuafuhao。zaijinianmakesidanchen200zhouniandejianghuazhong,xijinpingzongshujizaicibiaodaduimakesihemakesizhuyideganxiezhiqing: “keyigaoweimakesideshi,makesizhuyizhiyinzhongguochenggongzoushanglequanmianhuanlecaishehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguodekangzhuangdadao,zhongguogongchandangrenzuoweimakesizhuyidezhongchengxinfengzhe、jiandingshijianzhe,zhengzaiweijianchihefazhanmakesizhuyierzhizhenuli!”makesizhuyikexuetixitunashuqiannianrenleilishijincheng,kuoqinglongzhaozairenleishenghuoshangdegezhongyishixingtaimiwu,haiyuanlelishibenlai,chanshiledangxiashiji,jieshileweilaifazhan。zheishirenleizhihuiyizuolingrenyangzhidegaofeng。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “zairenleisixiangshishang,jiukexuexing、zhenlixing、yingxiangli、chuanbomianeryan,meiyouyizhongsixianglilunnengdadaomakesizhuyidegaodu,yemeiyouyizhongxueshuonengxiangmakesizhuyineiyangduishijiechanshenglerucijudadeyingxiang。”

  (wangweiguang zuozhexizhongguoshehuikexueyuanyuanyuanzhang)

编辑: 张丽

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